Sunday, May 17, 2020

Children s Academic And Social Competencies - 1549 Words

When every child has the chance to meet his or her full potential, families, communities, and the economic future of the United States is reinforced. Surprisingly, one in four children in the United States living in low-income households enters kindergarten not equipped to learn and, as a result, fall behind from the start. â€Å"Children s academic and social competencies at kindergarten entry are important predictors of success throughout school; children who enter school not ready to learn struggle with academic difficulties and [can] manifest social and behavior problems in later school years† (Duncan et al., 2007; Ladd, 2006). â€Å"When a young child enters kindergarten ready for school, there is an 82 percent chance that child will†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Children with early developmental delays are at heightened risk for behavior problems and co-morbid psychopathology [; relating to more than one disorder or disease occurring at the same time]† (G erstein, E. al, 2011). America greatly under-invest in early childhood education and, like so many political battles these days, the disparity between bipartisan support for preschool education programs and cutting thousands of kids from programs, such as, Head Start, Early Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant programs (CCDBG) defies reason and common sense. There are those within our current political leadership that feel it should be left up to each individual state, as to how they want to distribute educational subsidies, leaving lower socioeconomic communities concerned with budget cuts and where they will be getting their funding from to educate their children; sending these neighborhoods in panic to find financial support elsewhere and without delay. These programs and other programs similar are in jeopardy of not receiving adequate backing as it will be left to each state to decide the importance of early childhood education and early intervention . Former secretaries of education, Arne Duncan and John King, had integrated early learning as a significant undertaking in their visions for the Department of Education.Show MoreRelatedEssay On Early Childhood Education1498 Words   |  6 Pagesprograms and ultimately through the second grade. Educators influence our children in order to become fully prepared for the future generation. It has been stereotyped that these educators may teach simple topics; however, these particular concepts are the fundamentals toward a child’s emotional and academic growth. The use of social skills within a classroom environment potentially results in not only the students’ academic state; however, the child’s emotional well being as well. I was interestedRead MoreAn Exploration Of Parental Encouragement And Children s Prosocial Tendencies1693 Words   |  7 Pageseducation styles can affect children’s academic performance. However, much less attention has been paid to mental health and children’s process of socialisation, especially compared to their academic performance. This project seeks to contribute to the existing knowledge on how parental encouragement can affect children’s prosocial behaviours in a Chinese context, which is extremely important in furthering the research in a number of fields, including education, social work, criminal justice and law (LearningtogiveRead MoreDevelopmental Skills : Childhood And Social Emotional Development Essay1530 Words   |  7 PagesDevelopmental Skills Domain in Early Childhood Social-Emotional Behavior. Social-emotional development includes the child’s experience, expression, and management of emotions and the ability to establish positive and rewarding relationships with others (Cohen and others 2005). It encompasses both intra- and interpersonal processes. The core features of emotional development include the ability to identify and understand one’s own feelings, to accurately read and comprehend emotional states in othersRead MoreDisability Rights Legislation Addresses, Barriers, And Individuals With Disabilities776 Words   |  4 Pagesrepresenting a disabled identity. Under the classifying, predominating, oppressing epistemes in labelling the student with disabilities. Receiving support requires student s with disabilities to wear an emblem codifying their presence as determined subjects. Socio-cultural stereotypes negatively represent the capability and competency of persons with disabilities. In turn, influencing the predetermination in law based on a predilection of socially desirable identity traits. Neo-liberal ameliorationRead MoreDifferences Between High Status And Low Status Children Essay1130 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferences in high-status children and low-status children. The author will discuss two children who exhibit these behaviors with and how differently they react to people and situations. Using the readings and theories of Erikson, Piaget, Vygotsky, Bandura, and Kohlberg to address their characteristics. These theorists have researched and developed insight into children’s stages and readily explain their behaviors, thereby allowing for a greater understanding and insight into children. Keywords: Low-statusRead MoreParenting Styles And The Parenting Style Essay1594 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Parenting style used by caregivers plays an important role in the child’s development and learning, specifically social emotional learning. Parents play a big role in their child’s academic achievement, especially depending on the parenting style use. The parenting style where the parents are involved and monitor their children is related to academic achievement and educational accomplishment (Spera, 2005). Parenting styles comprise of two dimensions, demandingness and responsivenessRead MoreThe Effect Of A Social Skills Curriculum On Social Emotional Development And Academic Achievement Of 99 Preparatory858 Words   |  4 Pagesand Bernard (2012) investigated the effect of a social skills curriculum on social-emotional development and academic achievement of 99 preparatory and first grade students attending a Catholic school in Melbourne, Australia. The program consisted of explicit, direct instruction supported by additional social and emotional teaching practices. The results indicated that the program had a statistically significant positive effect on levels of social emotional competence, a reduction in problem behaviorsRead MoreThe Attachment, Self Regulation, And Competency1677 Words   |  7 PagesThe Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency (ARC) Framework is a theoretically grounded, evidence-informed, promising practice used to treat complex trauma in children and adole scents (Arvidson, 2011). This research shows how the application of the ARC model benefits inner city youth who have been diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. The goal of this research is to demonstrate that symptoms of ODD can be decreased by exposing inner city youth to ARC therapy over a period of time. TheRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1285 Words   |  6 Pagesdisorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in children, especially boys, at a much higher rate than ever in the past. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016) state that since 2011, eleven percent (6.4 million) of children between the ages of four and seventeen have been diagnosed with ADHD (13.2 percent boys and 5.6 percent girls). Often, children with ADHD have problems with working memory, selective attention, and inhibition (Belsky, 2016, p.154). Also, children need special attention from teachersRead MoreHome Schooling Vs. Public Education1449 Words   |  6 Pageseducating children have slowly been changing. Home schooling was primarily restricted to religious groups, but in the past several years, it has rapidly been moving into mainstream society (Ray). Parents today are deciding to home school their children, although there are those who still believe public education is better. Home schooling is legal in every state and involves as many as 1.5 million children (Wingert Katrowitz). Critics of home schooling raise questions about academic and social issues

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The devil is a supernatural being thought of by Christians...

The devil is a supernatural being thought of by Christians as an entity of pure evil. However, there is no evidence proving the existence of the devil, but there are certainly testimonials of people who have claimed to see Hell. So lets hypothetically say that the devil is real. That would mean that the horrifying testimonials are actually true, which may lead one to wonder why people call themselves Satanist. Contrary to what one might think, Satanist do not actually believe that the devil is something of pure evil, nor do they view him as an actual person. Satanists view the devil as an actual deity or force that is to be worshiped. Surprisingly, people started claiming to have sold their souls to the devil before the existence of the†¦show more content†¦Even though structurally Satanists just like Protestants, were essentially a protest or a â€Å"rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church† (Shirley 1). This doesn’t mean that Satanist and Protestants shar e the same beliefs, because they are completely different; instead, it proves that both of the religions is a example of rebellion There are many ways to rebel of course, but what seem to be on the news are murders’. A recent high school dropout named Jose Reyes was on the news February 11th of this year. Jose was a high school dropout out who was using drugs such as marijuana. From the start, Jose separated himself from all of his friends at school, which is a very antisocial thing to do. It is a proven fact that â€Å" Satanic involvement† is linked to â€Å"antisocial behavior† (Swatos 161). However, before he dropped out, he already showed signs of rebellion. â€Å" Another younger girl claims that Jose Reyes attacked her, and raped her† (lodhia 1). If Jose’s parents would have stepped in at that point, it would have prevented the second crime from occurring. Sadly, the parents’ negligence of their own child only set the stage for what was about to happen. Jose Reyes killed a fifteen-year-old girl with a buddy of his to â€Å"sell his soul to the devil† (Spellman 1). Not only did Jose kill her, but he â€Å"raped† the girl and at the end of it all â€Å" an upside down cross was carved in her abdomen† (Spellman 1). Jose Reyes is a very sadistic twisted person who was very aware ofShow MoreRelatedRebellion in Persepolis617 Words   |  3 Pagesall of these situations in the novel is rebellion. Rebellion is constantly seen, in many different shapes and forms, all throughout this book. In the beginning of the book (page 3) it became obligatory to wear the veil at school. The panel at the bottom of the page shows the children rebelling against the veil by using not wearing the veil properly. They make a mockery of the situation because they didn’t understand why they had to wear the veil. This rebellion against the rules and the veil repeatsRead MoreEssay on Rebellion for Change1259 Words   |  6 PagesIn life there are many situations where rebellion is required for change and improvement. Some are simple, like growing up and learning not to do certain things and others are more complex like when a group of people stand up for what they believe, for example, women’s rights and black’s rights. I believe that rebellion is healthy for any growing society. There are many things that we do not agree with, whether it is the law or our parent’s instructions. By rebelling we can change our society and/orRead MoreThe Satsuma Rebellion816 Words   |  3 PagesThe Satsuma rebellion was a resist from the Meiji government and modern changes that took place in 1877. The Meiji Era controlled most of Japan, except for a small area in the southwestern part of Japan, which was the Satsuma. Japanese leaders decided that they needed a modern army equipped with the most up-to-date weapons, trained by the best officers of the day: the French and Germans. In 1872, the imperial army was reorganized as a force of 46,000 conscripts from every social class. The SouthwesternRead MoreThe Taiping Rebellion1700 Words   |  7 Pagespoint in the Taiping rebellion and marked the beginning of the decline of the Heavenly Kingdom. It was also Hong’s first major defeat, and he did not take it well, spiraling into a state of hopelessness and depression that only was exacerbated in the years that followed. In 1864, at the height of his despair, Hong committed suicide, and a few months later, with imperial troops having suppressed the Taiping army, the rebellion was over. What was it, though, that made the rebellion, which had been soRead MoreBoxer Rebellion1424 Words   |  6 Pagesout of our country Ââ€" Mark Twain, Berkeley Lyceum, New York, Nov 23, 1900. The Boxer Rebellion soul purpose was to liberate China from foreign influence. Foreign capitalists dictated corrupt government officials and controlled leading industrial parts of Northern China. Chinese overseers were upset over this issue and contemplated for a solution. A revolt was the key and the outcome of the Boxer Rebellion was disastrous for China and its dynasty. Countless officials were executed, extensive paymentsRead MoreThe Bundy Standoff In Oregon Rebellion Essay2007 Words   |  9 Pagesfor personal gain. It does not come as a surprise that people rebel against the government and I believe this is â€Å"a fit subject for a mad house.† (Washington 2017) Rebellions often lead to people being hurt or killed. I have prevented stopped rebellions and have been through rebellions myself. The Bundy Standoff in Oregon is a rebellion in which a man went against the government with his intentions being to get the people to revolt against the government. People should not have a right to revolt andRead MoreBacons Rebellion1240 Words   |  5 PagesBacons Rebellion may have served as the first civil uprising within the early settlements of America. Led by Nathaniel Bacon, a militia of armed freedmen, slaves, and poor colonist banded together to fight against a government that they felt was corrupt and did not have their best interests in mind. This paper will examine some of the major causes that led to the rebellion such as the increased westward expansion by the colonists, the civil unrest growing between the social classes, rising taxesRead MoreSlave Rebellions854 Words   |  4 Pagesowners? The severe actions of slave owners towards their slaves led to several revolts and rebellions. Of all the slave revolts, one of the most notorious and successful was the Nat Turner Slave Rebellion of 1831. Before the Civil War, an abundant amount of slaves lived a life with harsh labor and treatment. The living conditions of slaves resulted in several revolts against slave owners. All the slave rebellions resulted in the capturing of the slaves and hanging them, or cruel punishments such asRead MoreEssay on Shays Rebellion1481 Words   |  6 Pages â€Å"I hold it, that a little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing† (Jefferson). Thomas Jefferson wrote these words in a letter to James Madison after hearing about Shay’s Rebellion while he was a foreign diplomat in Paris. After the rebellion happened, the â€Å"Shaysites† as they were called, were labeled as traitors to their country and the democratic form of government. But were they really? Many of the men fighting in the rebellion felt that they were being oppressed just as they had been underRead MoreAnalysis Of Bacon Rebellion 1547 Words   |  7 PagesBrice Everson Mrs. Blomme Honors I 3 October 2014 Bacon s Rebellion The definition of courage as defined by is the ability to do something that frightens one. A rebellion takes courage. It s not something the average human being can do. One cannot simply expect just anyone to verbally stand up for what they believe is right. Courage is not something found in a common human being. Sure, everyone has it somewhere deep down, but as for that select group of people who aren’t

Legacy System Security Continue Usage Acceptance-Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Legacy System Evaluation, Security Risk Continue Usage Acceptance. Answer: Introduction A legacy application is any business application that is based on older technologies yet continues to support core business functions of an organization (NASCIO;2008; Survey Section 2.1). This paper explains the constraints in using the legacy systems and the necessity of modernizing the legacy system. It briefly covers different approaches towards modernizing the legacy systems. The paper intents to evaluate a Legacy system, describe security risk associated with a legacy system. We will also cover a counter (Jones; 2010; The Closure Rule) thought as to why Legacy systems do not pose a problem. Abbreviations Abbreviation Description NASCIO National Association of State Chief Information Officers ADM Application Development Maintenance IT Information Technology SOA Service Oriented Architecture COTS Commercial-off-the-Shelf software EAI Enterprise Application Integration ROI Return on Investment What are Legacy Systems? Often Legacy systems are defined by the age of the IT system set up and grossly older IT setups are categorised as Legacy System. BUT, this defining criteria is not the sole factor but there are additional factors like supportability, risk, agility, staffing, adequately support 'line-of-business' that need to be factored in as well (NASCIO;2008; Survey Section 2.3). Legacy applications can be defined as a group of functions that share a common set of data and address the business needs for a particular domain. Often time the boundaries of a system are based on historical development not based on business needs. Mostly Legacy systems utilize a variety of non-relational database products are coded in 2nd or 3rd generation languages, and often run on obsolete mainframe computers. Challenges with Legacy System There has been a rapid change in the integration scenario in the last two decades. There has been a steady increase of new techniques and products needed to support them. With the rapid emergence of new technologies, businesses are facing a tremendous challenge to balance their current legacy investments, which they had made in the past. Some of the key challenges (NASCIO; 2008; Survey Section 2.5) faced by larger organisations to maintain and sustain with Legacy Systems are: Applications running on legacy systems are dependent on specific set of skilled resources. Retention of operations and skilled team becomes crucial for business. Maintenance required even for small legacy business system. Same functionality provided by duplicate set of applications functionality but possibly running on different technologies in isolation within same organization. Customization leading to different versions of same product. Cost of IT operation is higher. Legacy application may not be having good UI and may be difficult and costly to maintain and enhance. Difficulty in enhancement may lead to non compliance with regard to regulatory requirement. Difficult to roll out companywide changes as individual modules will be dependent on legacy systems. Due to legacy nature of the systems, functions like document generation, document printing may be not be achievable. Modernization of Legacy system Legacy modernization the term can be described as the practice of understanding and evolving the existing software to high performing assets with low total cost of ownership (TCO) and less investment. This is achievable by either one or combination (NASCIO; 2008; Survey Section 2.7) of the following: Data conversion Extension Virtualization/ Emulation Re-engineer or replace with a COTS software Applications wrapping Re-hosting/ Re-platforming Automated migration Renovation/ Re-architecting Utilize EAI to encapsulate and link legacy applications SOA integration The modernization process can be as simple as upgrading or enhancing the current legacy application or it can be as complex so that it may end up into high end migration. To summarize the overall purpose is to improve the functionality of IT system to achieve business objectives in a leaner fashion. Evaluation of a Legacy system Till now we have covered the different aspects of Legacy applications, challenges, requirement to modernise and benefits of modernization. Let us evaluate a Legacy IT system. The system we are going to analyse is an in-house system build in Mainframe/ COBOL code and is used as Core Banking Platform for a Large European private wealth management bank. The Legacy environment is an application sending screen images then receiving keyboard responses to and from a fixed function terminal. The terminals are usually 3270's with the screen images being 3270 formats created from BMS (Basic Mapping Services) source members for CICS and MFS (Message Formatting Services) source members for IMS. Legacy environment Layout Layer- 1 is an example of a mainframe that is configured to handle requests from 3270 terminals which are like fixed functions, majorly able to scroll text from left to right and from top to bottom. These 3270 terminals have functionality built into hardware. Layer-2 is an SSCP-PU connection Layer-3 is an example of set of 2- 3270 controllers. Layer-4 This layer is connection between the 3270 controller and the 3270 terminal and is LU-2 connection. Layer-5 Is actual 3270 terminal which is customer facing and has screen of 24 lines and 80 characters. Some customers customize the terminal to allow more rows and columns. There are various limitations with the Legacy System and are summarised below: Shortage of skill sets required for supporting the old system Technologies or software supports from respective vendors may not be available Build on old technologies and scope of improvement on the old technologies are limited Non-alignment between business strategies and IT Old system is resistant to agility an new changes in business models Total cost of ownership is high Security Risk with legacy Applications Legacy code imposes an unmeasured unaccounted risk. While substantial budget is spent on small enhancement and maintenance of legacy applications; sufficient security attention is not paid to them compared to new application development although legacy applications are equally under regulatory scrutiny. Many legacy applications developed for internal use with less focus on security sometimes exposed to internet due to reasons like business pressure, merger acquisitions, partnership and automation. (NASCIO; 2008; Table 6) Legacy applications are susceptible to security risk because many were designed with physical access restriction model in focus, at a time when computer crimes were rare and compliance mandates were negligent. Legacy applications exist in every organization and they function perfectly however operating system may no longer supported, patches are not provided the vendor (i.e. ATMs running Windows XP) or supported utilities are no longer compatible with upgrades. The way users interact with systems has changed drastically over the past few decades and each access method raises security concerns for legacy applications spanning across mainframe, desktop, client-server and web 1.0 applications. Legacy applications maintained by less-skilled administrators also poses significant threat as their ability to perform corrective and preventive action in-time is limited. Following is a list of Top 10 security issues found during our study: Data exchange over unencrypted channel makes it susceptible to sniffing attack Data stored in unencrypted form which allows unauthorised viewing of business critical and private information Decentralized access control applied through client and critical data/credentials are locally stored in weakly unencrypted form Buffer Overflow due to improper memory management (applicable to unmanaged code written in C/C++ applications) Human error in privilege assignment results in unauthorised users executing important programs/scripts on production data In web application, insufficient input and output validation allows web attacks such as SQL Injection and XSS Running insecure versions of COTS or open source component, lacking security protections built into newer versions give opportunities to adversary to compromise the server Centralized database is accessed to all operating system users. CRUD operations are possible through database client and without application software One users terminal-emulation client macro is available to another user allowing impersonated execution Absence of audit trails / Logs make it almost impossible to investigate security incidents Why legacy systems do not pose a problem? Despite various initiatives and reasons highlighted above there are Enterprises that continue to use Legacy Applications. They accept the usage of this Legacy application for Business functionality and invest on the maintenance and necessary patching, upgrade, bug fixes of these legacy systems. Below are some of the reasons that we could identify and these can serve as supporting points in the context of retaining and maintain legacy application considering all the discussions we have done in above heads: 1) Dependency: Business is heaving dependent on Legacy application which becomes a bottleneck 2) Small functionality: Sometimes enterprise develop new modules for new business functions but for old or small business function which are associated with legacy application, they follow the as-is approach 3) Transformation project Failures: Due to fear of project failure some enterprise does not take a move for modernization 4) Line of Business: If Legacy application is able to serve the business functionality then the approach is not to disturb the current (legacy) ecosystem 5) Funding: Transformation project are generally mapped to technology enhancement and are not business requirement driven and hence minimal or less funding available. 6) Integration hiccups: If one legacy system is transformed then there may be integration challenges with other dependent legacy system or else enterprise has to revamp whole IT system which is difficult and challenging. 7) Legacy Application Know-how: In order to transform current (legacy) system should be known well so that there are no surprises once the new system is launched. But there is always a lack of Legacy application knowledge because of gap in documentation, knowledge sharing. This is also a challenge. 8) Staff Resistance: staff do not want to come out of comfort zone and hence resist any changes. 9) Data migration issues: Transforming Legacy application inherently brings another project of data migration which needs to be catered from following perspective: Data Quality Data Cleansing Data Mapping 10) Customization: Mostly legacy systems are in-house build and are totally customised as per specific business needs which enterprise does not want to lose. These are just few of the factors that are drivers for business to retain and maintain legacy system. Conclusion Migration of legacy to new infrastructure is an attractive proposal considering the challenges faced in running legacy applications. However, many organisations are deferring capital investments due to tougher economical situations various other reasons. Added to that, legacy applications are often complex and require good preparation probably an expensive project for migration to new infrastructures. Therefore, alternate initiatives must be explored. Optimizing legacy applications can be instrumental in reducing IT costs. After necessary cost system optimization analysis, if it is observed that there is no scope for further optimization, then the migration/transformation can be considered to be one of the options. References Jones.R, 2010, Finding the Good Argument OR Why Bother With Logic?, The Closure Rule NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.1: definition NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.3: criteria NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.5: drivers NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.7: modernization methods NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Table 2: drivers NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Table 6: Enterprise Risk Lamb.J, 2008, Legacy systems continue to have a place in the enterprise, Retrieved on Sept 13 from