Sunday, June 14, 2020

How Slavery was Motivated by Racism Essay - 1650 Words

How Slavery was Motivated by Racism (Essay Sample) Content: Slavery Was Motivated by RacismBy (Name)Institutional affiliationTransatlantic slave trade had a lasting impact when it comes to Africa, Europe and the Americas. It had a major influence in capitalism, political as well as economic systems and, as a result, brought initial development to Europe which later spread throughout the world. Despite the fact that historians do not agree over its effects, it is at the same time very clear that slave trade and slavery at large played a major role towards the development of Britain as well as other major European countries and the U.S. The Industrial Revolution in Britain was fostered mainly through the production of textile and the most important thing to remember is that the raw material, i.e. cotton, was majorly produced and cultivated using slave labor. Despite the abolishment of slavery in Britain, profits of the trade continued to flow into the economy. (Brown, D. 560) It was as a result of the vast investments in slavery and slave trade which was still being practiced by other countries, namely, the United States, Brazil and Cuba. During the 19th century, the economic interest of European countries, such as Britain, resulted to more interference into African affairs and this was after the abolishment of slave trade all over the world. Towards the end of the century, the rivalry between the European powers against each other on the interests vested in Africa started and is what is nowadays termed as, the scramble for Africa . The major European countries invaded African nations and, as a result, established a colonial rule. (Wilson, C. 1790)Most Americans tend to take race for granted and as an external fact not keeping in minds that it is the main reason behind the commencement of slave trade. (Reed, H.A 1802) It will be surprising knowledge to most American students to realize that even historians themselves tend to agree to the general idea that race is something of the past and has only under gone some modern inventions to make people behave as if its something relatively small and of no significance to the modern day world. The truth of the matter is that racism can be traced back to the ancient days and was the reason as to why some specific races were subjected to harsh living conditions. (Reed, H.A 1802) Historians have been working hard trying to establish the relationship between race and American slavery. This argument has been likened to the common chicken and egg  debate: of the two which came first, racism or slavery? To put it in a simpler way was racism the cause of slavery, or a result? It is at the same time an important factor for students to consider the things at stake in this debate. Eric Foner-a historian-contends that race which he refers to it as the idea of diving humanity into well defined groups in association with the color of the skin. Eric argues that racism is a modern concept that had not yet been given full attention or can as well be sai d had not fully developed during the time the British started importing black Africans to work for them in their colonies. During that specific time of slavery, racism was not something to be widely discouraged as it is nowadays. (Brown, D. 560) The tendency to take the matter lightly resulted into slave trade. He continues to shed more light where he says that the main lines of humanity division during the time of slave trade were purely based on barbarism and civilization or Christianity and heathenism. The British of that time disdained all foreign peoples but at the same time they did not consider every English person to be as equal as the other. England was where the high hierarchical English people came from. England was believed to be divided into parts which were naturally and justly divided into inferior and superior levels with the members enjoying the varying degrees of freedom. This can be clearly seen from Erics description of the indentured servitude in English coloni es. He goes ahead to point that African were made to work as slave and that was supposed to be a permanent and heritable. The main reason behind making Africans to be working as slaves was because black Africans were outside the territory of the British common law and could not be protected by the law to guarantee black African individual rights that were at an early stage of beginning to be implemented. (Brown, D. 560) After the period of American Revolution is when the concept of Race started to be mentioned around and put into some kind of consideration. In their defense of the existence of slavery at a place where all people were considered equal, the British argued that the high demand for labor was the actual reason for commencement of slavery and not racism as now perceived. That led to the conclusion made by Eric that slavery in any given democratic republic required racism as a reason for its justification. . (Wilson, C. 1790)CounterpointThe argument over the relationship b etween the American slavery and racial discrimination has given way to a several scholarships in the past half century. Oscar and Mary (historians) supported Erics argument that slave trade was an afterthought of the time of colonial development and that the resultant was American racism due to the gradual legal and economic humiliation of the enslaved people. The two argued that there was no free  people among the English and that included their colonists. In addition, the few Africans who had arrived to the early Virginia colony brought a status that could be compared to that of the English indentured workers. As a matter of fact, African labor was considered inferior in the early years of colonialism as compared to English labor. Between 1660s-1670s, in an effort to attract the English indentured servants to work in Virginia colony, the Virginia legislature made the terms of service favorable to the English immigrants. (Wilson, C. 1790) After some period of time, the colonies became entirely dependent on the African laborer. Another factor that triggered the over-dependency on the black African slaves was because the English people did not need to appease the laborers and they could enslave them for life. Gradually, the Africans settled in the colonies and belonged to the basest level of the society. On the other hand, the desire and need to control the African labor among the English people led to the deterioration of the rights of the African race members. The general view for the African race was degrading and Africans were a degraded group of people. Another historian by the name Barbara Fields claimed that the white Virginians had not developed the ideology of race during the time of the colonial period. The claim supported the fact that racism was present by then but no one could openly come out and take the front row on fighting it. During the early times of civilization and when education was beginning to gain popularity, the schools were charact erized by the color of the skin. Schools were divided along races and students from a different race would find it hard to be in a school whose majority was from a different race other than his or her. This can as well act as a good and perfect example to prove that racism was the main reason behind slavery only that during the past time it was not given enough lime light. (Reed, H.A 1802) How Slavery was Motivated by Racism Essay - 1650 Words How Slavery was Motivated by Racism (Essay Sample) Content: Slavery Was Motivated by RacismBy (Name)Institutional affiliationTransatlantic slave trade had a lasting impact when it comes to Africa, Europe and the Americas. It had a major influence in capitalism, political as well as economic systems and, as a result, brought initial development to Europe which later spread throughout the world. Despite the fact that historians do not agree over its effects, it is at the same time very clear that slave trade and slavery at large played a major role towards the development of Britain as well as other major European countries and the U.S. The Industrial Revolution in Britain was fostered mainly through the production of textile and the most important thing to remember is that the raw material, i.e. cotton, was majorly produced and cultivated using slave labor. Despite the abolishment of slavery in Britain, profits of the trade continued to flow into the economy. (Brown, D. 560) It was as a result of the vast investments in slavery and slave trade which was still being practiced by other countries, namely, the United States, Brazil and Cuba. During the 19th century, the economic interest of European countries, such as Britain, resulted to more interference into African affairs and this was after the abolishment of slave trade all over the world. Towards the end of the century, the rivalry between the European powers against each other on the interests vested in Africa started and is what is nowadays termed as, the scramble for Africa . The major European countries invaded African nations and, as a result, established a colonial rule. (Wilson, C. 1790)Most Americans tend to take race for granted and as an external fact not keeping in minds that it is the main reason behind the commencement of slave trade. (Reed, H.A 1802) It will be surprising knowledge to most American students to realize that even historians themselves tend to agree to the general idea that race is something of the past and has only under gone some modern inventions to make people behave as if its something relatively small and of no significance to the modern day world. The truth of the matter is that racism can be traced back to the ancient days and was the reason as to why some specific races were subjected to harsh living conditions. (Reed, H.A 1802) Historians have been working hard trying to establish the relationship between race and American slavery. This argument has been likened to the common chicken and egg  debate: of the two which came first, racism or slavery? To put it in a simpler way was racism the cause of slavery, or a result? It is at the same time an important factor for students to consider the things at stake in this debate. Eric Foner-a historian-contends that race which he refers to it as the idea of diving humanity into well defined groups in association with the color of the skin. Eric argues that racism is a modern concept that had not yet been given full attention or can as well be sai d had not fully developed during the time the British started importing black Africans to work for them in their colonies. During that specific time of slavery, racism was not something to be widely discouraged as it is nowadays. (Brown, D. 560) The tendency to take the matter lightly resulted into slave trade. He continues to shed more light where he says that the main lines of humanity division during the time of slave trade were purely based on barbarism and civilization or Christianity and heathenism. The British of that time disdained all foreign peoples but at the same time they did not consider every English person to be as equal as the other. England was where the high hierarchical English people came from. England was believed to be divided into parts which were naturally and justly divided into inferior and superior levels with the members enjoying the varying degrees of freedom. This can be clearly seen from Erics description of the indentured servitude in English coloni es. He goes ahead to point that African were made to work as slave and that was supposed to be a permanent and heritable. The main reason behind making Africans to be working as slaves was because black Africans were outside the territory of the British common law and could not be protected by the law to guarantee black African individual rights that were at an early stage of beginning to be implemented. (Brown, D. 560) After the period of American Revolution is when the concept of Race started to be mentioned around and put into some kind of consideration. In their defense of the existence of slavery at a place where all people were considered equal, the British argued that the high demand for labor was the actual reason for commencement of slavery and not racism as now perceived. That led to the conclusion made by Eric that slavery in any given democratic republic required racism as a reason for its justification. . (Wilson, C. 1790)CounterpointThe argument over the relationship b etween the American slavery and racial discrimination has given way to a several scholarships in the past half century. Oscar and Mary (historians) supported Erics argument that slave trade was an afterthought of the time of colonial development and that the resultant was American racism due to the gradual legal and economic humiliation of the enslaved people. The two argued that there was no free  people among the English and that included their colonists. In addition, the few Africans who had arrived to the early Virginia colony brought a status that could be compared to that of the English indentured workers. As a matter of fact, African labor was considered inferior in the early years of colonialism as compared to English labor. Between 1660s-1670s, in an effort to attract the English indentured servants to work in Virginia colony, the Virginia legislature made the terms of service favorable to the English immigrants. (Wilson, C. 1790) After some period of time, the colonies became entirely dependent on the African laborer. Another factor that triggered the over-dependency on the black African slaves was because the English people did not need to appease the laborers and they could enslave them for life. Gradually, the Africans settled in the colonies and belonged to the basest level of the society. On the other hand, the desire and need to control the African labor among the English people led to the deterioration of the rights of the African race members. The general view for the African race was degrading and Africans were a degraded group of people. Another historian by the name Barbara Fields claimed that the white Virginians had not developed the ideology of race during the time of the colonial period. The claim supported the fact that racism was present by then but no one could openly come out and take the front row on fighting it. During the early times of civilization and when education was beginning to gain popularity, the schools were charact erized by the color of the skin. Schools were divided along races and students from a different race would find it hard to be in a school whose majority was from a different race other than his or her. This can as well act as a good and perfect example to prove that racism was the main reason behind slavery only that during the past time it was not given enough lime light. (Reed, H.A 1802)

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Children s Academic And Social Competencies - 1549 Words

When every child has the chance to meet his or her full potential, families, communities, and the economic future of the United States is reinforced. Surprisingly, one in four children in the United States living in low-income households enters kindergarten not equipped to learn and, as a result, fall behind from the start. â€Å"Children s academic and social competencies at kindergarten entry are important predictors of success throughout school; children who enter school not ready to learn struggle with academic difficulties and [can] manifest social and behavior problems in later school years† (Duncan et al., 2007; Ladd, 2006). â€Å"When a young child enters kindergarten ready for school, there is an 82 percent chance that child will†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Children with early developmental delays are at heightened risk for behavior problems and co-morbid psychopathology [; relating to more than one disorder or disease occurring at the same time]† (G erstein, E. D.et al, 2011). America greatly under-invest in early childhood education and, like so many political battles these days, the disparity between bipartisan support for preschool education programs and cutting thousands of kids from programs, such as, Head Start, Early Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant programs (CCDBG) defies reason and common sense. There are those within our current political leadership that feel it should be left up to each individual state, as to how they want to distribute educational subsidies, leaving lower socioeconomic communities concerned with budget cuts and where they will be getting their funding from to educate their children; sending these neighborhoods in panic to find financial support elsewhere and without delay. These programs and other programs similar are in jeopardy of not receiving adequate backing as it will be left to each state to decide the importance of early childhood education and early intervention . Former secretaries of education, Arne Duncan and John King, had integrated early learning as a significant undertaking in their visions for the Department of Education.Show MoreRelatedEssay On Early Childhood Education1498 Words   |  6 Pagesprograms and ultimately through the second grade. Educators influence our children in order to become fully prepared for the future generation. It has been stereotyped that these educators may teach simple topics; however, these particular concepts are the fundamentals toward a child’s emotional and academic growth. The use of social skills within a classroom environment potentially results in not only the students’ academic state; however, the child’s emotional well being as well. I was interestedRead MoreAn Exploration Of Parental Encouragement And Children s Prosocial Tendencies1693 Words   |  7 Pageseducation styles can affect children’s academic performance. However, much less attention has been paid to mental health and children’s process of socialisation, especially compared to their academic performance. This project seeks to contribute to the existing knowledge on how parental encouragement can affect children’s prosocial behaviours in a Chinese context, which is extremely important in furthering the research in a number of fields, including education, social work, criminal justice and law (LearningtogiveRead MoreDevelopmental Skills : Childhood And Social Emotional Development Essay1530 Words   |  7 PagesDevelopmental Skills Domain in Early Childhood Social-Emotional Behavior. Social-emotional development includes the child’s experience, expression, and management of emotions and the ability to establish positive and rewarding relationships with others (Cohen and others 2005). It encompasses both intra- and interpersonal processes. The core features of emotional development include the ability to identify and understand one’s own feelings, to accurately read and comprehend emotional states in othersRead MoreDisability Rights Legislation Addresses, Barriers, And Individuals With Disabilities776 Words   |  4 Pagesrepresenting a disabled identity. Under the classifying, predominating, oppressing epistemes in labelling the student with disabilities. Receiving support requires student s with disabilities to wear an emblem codifying their presence as determined subjects. Socio-cultural stereotypes negatively represent the capability and competency of persons with disabilities. In turn, influencing the predetermination in law based on a predilection of socially desirable identity traits. Neo-liberal ameliorationRead MoreDifferences Between High Status And Low Status Children Essay1130 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferences in high-status children and low-status children. The author will discuss two children who exhibit these behaviors with and how differently they react to people and situations. Using the readings and theories of Erikson, Piaget, Vygotsky, Bandura, and Kohlberg to address their characteristics. These theorists have researched and developed insight into children’s stages and readily explain their behaviors, thereby allowing for a greater understanding and insight into children. Keywords: Low-statusRead MoreParenting Styles And The Parenting Style Essay1594 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Parenting style used by caregivers plays an important role in the child’s development and learning, specifically social emotional learning. Parents play a big role in their child’s academic achievement, especially depending on the parenting style use. The parenting style where the parents are involved and monitor their children is related to academic achievement and educational accomplishment (Spera, 2005). Parenting styles comprise of two dimensions, demandingness and responsivenessRead MoreThe Effect Of A Social Skills Curriculum On Social Emotional Development And Academic Achievement Of 99 Preparatory858 Words   |  4 Pagesand Bernard (2012) investigated the effect of a social skills curriculum on social-emotional development and academic achievement of 99 preparatory and first grade students attending a Catholic school in Melbourne, Australia. The program consisted of explicit, direct instruction supported by additional social and emotional teaching practices. The results indicated that the program had a statistically significant positive effect on levels of social emotional competence, a reduction in problem behaviorsRead MoreThe Attachment, Self Regulation, And Competency1677 Words   |  7 PagesThe Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency (ARC) Framework is a theoretically grounded, evidence-informed, promising practice used to treat complex trauma in children and adole scents (Arvidson, 2011). This research shows how the application of the ARC model benefits inner city youth who have been diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. The goal of this research is to demonstrate that symptoms of ODD can be decreased by exposing inner city youth to ARC therapy over a period of time. TheRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1285 Words   |  6 Pagesdisorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in children, especially boys, at a much higher rate than ever in the past. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016) state that since 2011, eleven percent (6.4 million) of children between the ages of four and seventeen have been diagnosed with ADHD (13.2 percent boys and 5.6 percent girls). Often, children with ADHD have problems with working memory, selective attention, and inhibition (Belsky, 2016, p.154). Also, children need special attention from teachersRead MoreHome Schooling Vs. Public Education1449 Words   |  6 Pageseducating children have slowly been changing. Home schooling was primarily restricted to religious groups, but in the past several years, it has rapidly been moving into mainstream society (Ray). Parents today are deciding to home school their children, although there are those who still believe public education is better. Home schooling is legal in every state and involves as many as 1.5 million children (Wingert Katrowitz). Critics of home schooling raise questions about academic and social issues

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The devil is a supernatural being thought of by Christians...

The devil is a supernatural being thought of by Christians as an entity of pure evil. However, there is no evidence proving the existence of the devil, but there are certainly testimonials of people who have claimed to see Hell. So lets hypothetically say that the devil is real. That would mean that the horrifying testimonials are actually true, which may lead one to wonder why people call themselves Satanist. Contrary to what one might think, Satanist do not actually believe that the devil is something of pure evil, nor do they view him as an actual person. Satanists view the devil as an actual deity or force that is to be worshiped. Surprisingly, people started claiming to have sold their souls to the devil before the existence of the†¦show more content†¦Even though structurally Satanists just like Protestants, were essentially a protest or a â€Å"rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church† (Shirley 1). This doesn’t mean that Satanist and Protestants shar e the same beliefs, because they are completely different; instead, it proves that both of the religions is a example of rebellion There are many ways to rebel of course, but what seem to be on the news are murders’. A recent high school dropout named Jose Reyes was on the news February 11th of this year. Jose was a high school dropout out who was using drugs such as marijuana. From the start, Jose separated himself from all of his friends at school, which is a very antisocial thing to do. It is a proven fact that â€Å" Satanic involvement† is linked to â€Å"antisocial behavior† (Swatos 161). However, before he dropped out, he already showed signs of rebellion. â€Å" Another younger girl claims that Jose Reyes attacked her, and raped her† (lodhia 1). If Jose’s parents would have stepped in at that point, it would have prevented the second crime from occurring. Sadly, the parents’ negligence of their own child only set the stage for what was about to happen. Jose Reyes killed a fifteen-year-old girl with a buddy of his to â€Å"sell his soul to the devil† (Spellman 1). Not only did Jose kill her, but he â€Å"raped† the girl and at the end of it all â€Å" an upside down cross was carved in her abdomen† (Spellman 1). Jose Reyes is a very sadistic twisted person who was very aware ofShow MoreRelatedRebellion in Persepolis617 Words   |  3 Pagesall of these situations in the novel is rebellion. Rebellion is constantly seen, in many different shapes and forms, all throughout this book. In the beginning of the book (page 3) it became obligatory to wear the veil at school. The panel at the bottom of the page shows the children rebelling against the veil by using not wearing the veil properly. They make a mockery of the situation because they didn’t understand why they had to wear the veil. 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A rebellion takes courage. It s not something the average human being can do. One cannot simply expect just anyone to verbally stand up for what they believe is right. Courage is not something found in a common human being. Sure, everyone has it somewhere deep down, but as for that select group of people who aren’t

Legacy System Security Continue Usage Acceptance-Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Legacy System Evaluation, Security Risk Continue Usage Acceptance. Answer: Introduction A legacy application is any business application that is based on older technologies yet continues to support core business functions of an organization (NASCIO;2008; Survey Section 2.1). This paper explains the constraints in using the legacy systems and the necessity of modernizing the legacy system. It briefly covers different approaches towards modernizing the legacy systems. The paper intents to evaluate a Legacy system, describe security risk associated with a legacy system. We will also cover a counter (Jones; 2010; The Closure Rule) thought as to why Legacy systems do not pose a problem. Abbreviations Abbreviation Description NASCIO National Association of State Chief Information Officers ADM Application Development Maintenance IT Information Technology SOA Service Oriented Architecture COTS Commercial-off-the-Shelf software EAI Enterprise Application Integration ROI Return on Investment What are Legacy Systems? Often Legacy systems are defined by the age of the IT system set up and grossly older IT setups are categorised as Legacy System. BUT, this defining criteria is not the sole factor but there are additional factors like supportability, risk, agility, staffing, adequately support 'line-of-business' that need to be factored in as well (NASCIO;2008; Survey Section 2.3). Legacy applications can be defined as a group of functions that share a common set of data and address the business needs for a particular domain. Often time the boundaries of a system are based on historical development not based on business needs. Mostly Legacy systems utilize a variety of non-relational database products are coded in 2nd or 3rd generation languages, and often run on obsolete mainframe computers. Challenges with Legacy System There has been a rapid change in the integration scenario in the last two decades. There has been a steady increase of new techniques and products needed to support them. With the rapid emergence of new technologies, businesses are facing a tremendous challenge to balance their current legacy investments, which they had made in the past. Some of the key challenges (NASCIO; 2008; Survey Section 2.5) faced by larger organisations to maintain and sustain with Legacy Systems are: Applications running on legacy systems are dependent on specific set of skilled resources. Retention of operations and skilled team becomes crucial for business. Maintenance required even for small legacy business system. Same functionality provided by duplicate set of applications functionality but possibly running on different technologies in isolation within same organization. Customization leading to different versions of same product. Cost of IT operation is higher. Legacy application may not be having good UI and may be difficult and costly to maintain and enhance. Difficulty in enhancement may lead to non compliance with regard to regulatory requirement. Difficult to roll out companywide changes as individual modules will be dependent on legacy systems. Due to legacy nature of the systems, functions like document generation, document printing may be not be achievable. Modernization of Legacy system Legacy modernization the term can be described as the practice of understanding and evolving the existing software to high performing assets with low total cost of ownership (TCO) and less investment. This is achievable by either one or combination (NASCIO; 2008; Survey Section 2.7) of the following: Data conversion Extension Virtualization/ Emulation Re-engineer or replace with a COTS software Applications wrapping Re-hosting/ Re-platforming Automated migration Renovation/ Re-architecting Utilize EAI to encapsulate and link legacy applications SOA integration The modernization process can be as simple as upgrading or enhancing the current legacy application or it can be as complex so that it may end up into high end migration. To summarize the overall purpose is to improve the functionality of IT system to achieve business objectives in a leaner fashion. Evaluation of a Legacy system Till now we have covered the different aspects of Legacy applications, challenges, requirement to modernise and benefits of modernization. Let us evaluate a Legacy IT system. The system we are going to analyse is an in-house system build in Mainframe/ COBOL code and is used as Core Banking Platform for a Large European private wealth management bank. The Legacy environment is an application sending screen images then receiving keyboard responses to and from a fixed function terminal. The terminals are usually 3270's with the screen images being 3270 formats created from BMS (Basic Mapping Services) source members for CICS and MFS (Message Formatting Services) source members for IMS. Legacy environment Layout Layer- 1 is an example of a mainframe that is configured to handle requests from 3270 terminals which are like fixed functions, majorly able to scroll text from left to right and from top to bottom. These 3270 terminals have functionality built into hardware. Layer-2 is an SSCP-PU connection Layer-3 is an example of set of 2- 3270 controllers. Layer-4 This layer is connection between the 3270 controller and the 3270 terminal and is LU-2 connection. Layer-5 Is actual 3270 terminal which is customer facing and has screen of 24 lines and 80 characters. Some customers customize the terminal to allow more rows and columns. There are various limitations with the Legacy System and are summarised below: Shortage of skill sets required for supporting the old system Technologies or software supports from respective vendors may not be available Build on old technologies and scope of improvement on the old technologies are limited Non-alignment between business strategies and IT Old system is resistant to agility an new changes in business models Total cost of ownership is high Security Risk with legacy Applications Legacy code imposes an unmeasured unaccounted risk. While substantial budget is spent on small enhancement and maintenance of legacy applications; sufficient security attention is not paid to them compared to new application development although legacy applications are equally under regulatory scrutiny. Many legacy applications developed for internal use with less focus on security sometimes exposed to internet due to reasons like business pressure, merger acquisitions, partnership and automation. (NASCIO; 2008; Table 6) Legacy applications are susceptible to security risk because many were designed with physical access restriction model in focus, at a time when computer crimes were rare and compliance mandates were negligent. Legacy applications exist in every organization and they function perfectly however operating system may no longer supported, patches are not provided the vendor (i.e. ATMs running Windows XP) or supported utilities are no longer compatible with upgrades. The way users interact with systems has changed drastically over the past few decades and each access method raises security concerns for legacy applications spanning across mainframe, desktop, client-server and web 1.0 applications. Legacy applications maintained by less-skilled administrators also poses significant threat as their ability to perform corrective and preventive action in-time is limited. Following is a list of Top 10 security issues found during our study: Data exchange over unencrypted channel makes it susceptible to sniffing attack Data stored in unencrypted form which allows unauthorised viewing of business critical and private information Decentralized access control applied through client and critical data/credentials are locally stored in weakly unencrypted form Buffer Overflow due to improper memory management (applicable to unmanaged code written in C/C++ applications) Human error in privilege assignment results in unauthorised users executing important programs/scripts on production data In web application, insufficient input and output validation allows web attacks such as SQL Injection and XSS Running insecure versions of COTS or open source component, lacking security protections built into newer versions give opportunities to adversary to compromise the server Centralized database is accessed to all operating system users. CRUD operations are possible through database client and without application software One users terminal-emulation client macro is available to another user allowing impersonated execution Absence of audit trails / Logs make it almost impossible to investigate security incidents Why legacy systems do not pose a problem? Despite various initiatives and reasons highlighted above there are Enterprises that continue to use Legacy Applications. They accept the usage of this Legacy application for Business functionality and invest on the maintenance and necessary patching, upgrade, bug fixes of these legacy systems. Below are some of the reasons that we could identify and these can serve as supporting points in the context of retaining and maintain legacy application considering all the discussions we have done in above heads: 1) Dependency: Business is heaving dependent on Legacy application which becomes a bottleneck 2) Small functionality: Sometimes enterprise develop new modules for new business functions but for old or small business function which are associated with legacy application, they follow the as-is approach 3) Transformation project Failures: Due to fear of project failure some enterprise does not take a move for modernization 4) Line of Business: If Legacy application is able to serve the business functionality then the approach is not to disturb the current (legacy) ecosystem 5) Funding: Transformation project are generally mapped to technology enhancement and are not business requirement driven and hence minimal or less funding available. 6) Integration hiccups: If one legacy system is transformed then there may be integration challenges with other dependent legacy system or else enterprise has to revamp whole IT system which is difficult and challenging. 7) Legacy Application Know-how: In order to transform current (legacy) system should be known well so that there are no surprises once the new system is launched. But there is always a lack of Legacy application knowledge because of gap in documentation, knowledge sharing. This is also a challenge. 8) Staff Resistance: staff do not want to come out of comfort zone and hence resist any changes. 9) Data migration issues: Transforming Legacy application inherently brings another project of data migration which needs to be catered from following perspective: Data Quality Data Cleansing Data Mapping 10) Customization: Mostly legacy systems are in-house build and are totally customised as per specific business needs which enterprise does not want to lose. These are just few of the factors that are drivers for business to retain and maintain legacy system. Conclusion Migration of legacy to new infrastructure is an attractive proposal considering the challenges faced in running legacy applications. However, many organisations are deferring capital investments due to tougher economical situations various other reasons. Added to that, legacy applications are often complex and require good preparation probably an expensive project for migration to new infrastructures. Therefore, alternate initiatives must be explored. Optimizing legacy applications can be instrumental in reducing IT costs. After necessary cost system optimization analysis, if it is observed that there is no scope for further optimization, then the migration/transformation can be considered to be one of the options. References Jones.R, 2010, Finding the Good Argument OR Why Bother With Logic?, The Closure Rule NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.1: definition NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.3: criteria NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.5: drivers NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Survey Section 2.7: modernization methods NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Table 2: drivers NASCIO, 2008, Digital States at Risk!: Modernizing Legacy Systems, Table 6: Enterprise Risk Lamb.J, 2008, Legacy systems continue to have a place in the enterprise, Retrieved on Sept 13 from https://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Legacy-systems-continue-to-have-a-place-in-the-enterprise

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Interpersonal Communication Essay Topics - Some Tips

Interpersonal Communication Essay Topics - Some TipsThe first time I saw an interpersonal communication essay topic I was amazed. I thought that there had to be something different about it, but I could not think of anything else that would be more appropriate. All I could think of was how much time I was going to waste trying to find something else. Then I remembered the fact that I do not write very well, and that it would be even more difficult for me to come up with an essay topic on my own.So, if you are just now starting to learn how to write a good essay, I'm sure you are wondering what the most appropriate interpersonal communication essay topics are. Well, the truth is that they will vary according to the type of job that you are applying for.For example, if you are interviewing for a job in marketing you may want to start writing your essay topics on the general principles of a job interview. After all, you want your prospective employer to be able to see the best possible qualities that you have. On the other hand, if you are interviewing for an executive position, you may want to start out by looking at how to present yourself in a corporate setting. While these two topics will be vastly different, they can still be used as examples to help you with your application essay topics.Another example of an appropriate interpersonal communication essay topics for an executive position is to look at the person who will be interviewing you. I know that sometimes it is difficult to give a detailed answer in this type of situation, but this is often necessary in order to be as effective as possible. Of course, once again, when you do this you need to be careful not to give the impression that you are being interviewed for a job. It may be helpful to use a short one-sentence answer that will reveal your best qualities.The next time you are writing an essay for a corporate executive position, you should focus on what you expect your interviewer to ask. You need to be able to answer the question honestly and accurately. This is why a little bit of research is extremely important.Once you have answered the basic problem or issue, you need to look at the results that you have received. For example, if you were able to solve the problem with a concrete example, you should have it attached to your essay. Now, this does not mean that you need to use that example every time you write an essay, but it will provide you with a way to illustrate your point and help you communicate more effectively.Writing essay topics is an art form, and you need to take great care in order to create a well written piece of writing. As with any type of writing, you need to make sure that you understand the basics and grammar of your topic. There are many resources available that will help you with this. You should look into them if you want to ensure that you do not run into any trouble with your essay.These are some of the tips that you will find helpful when writin g your essay topics. Of course, like any other skill, you will need to work hard to become a master essay writer.

Sunday, April 5, 2020

Unusual Article Uncovers the Deceptive Practices of Buy a Research Paper Cheap

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Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Essay Topics to Kill a Mockingbird

Essay Topics to Kill a MockingbirdIf you are having trouble finding essay topics to kill a mockingbird in, this article will provide you with some tips. Not all of the topics are going to be easy to write about. Some of them might seem like they would require writing skills you have already mastered, but they aren't.I'm going to talk about a very important point to remember. So many of us have been raised by well meaning but highly ignorant parents and teachers, that we trust and believe the things they say when they tell us what to do and how to think.In fact, your parents are so influential that they make up a large and vital part of your overall identity. They are your heroes. You can change who you are by changing the way you look at things.Lets face it. If you were a great student in school and graduated with honors, and started out with a scholarship fund, why wouldn't you try and do just that, on the internet? There are hundreds of people who are constantly looking for other p eople with exactly the same problems that you are having.Essays are no different. You are writing an essay to present information that you have learned, or facts that you have uncovered, to the reader. It's our job to make sure that it is presented the way it should be, and it is your job to make sure that it makes sense.For instance, if you are going to write an online essay, you need to know how to determine what you are reading, so that you can easily and accurately present it. Sometimes, a term or a word is used in more than one way, but it is always possible to determine what is what, and it is only natural to have to write to the reader, and not to yourself. You should never use metaphors, unless you have discovered the precise way in which to make them work in your essay.Well, there you have it. Some tips on essay topics to kill a mockingbird. With these tips, you should be able to write an essay that is worth reading, and can really help you find employment, or even get a sc holarship.To give you some tips on essay topics to kill a mockingbird, keep these three pointers in mind. Keep the material easy to understand, and make sure that you make it easy for the reader to read.